In our last post, we discussed misdemeanor crime sentences. Today we will discuss felony offenses and sentences, as there are significant differences from misdemeanor matters.
Maximum Felony Crime Sentences
Felonies range from Class 6 through Class 1, with some felonies remaining unclassified. Unclassified felonies are punished as Class 6 felonies unless the General Assembly has fixed a special range of punishment. Maximum crime sentences for felonies can vary greatly.
Felony Crime Sentences: What it means when jail time is imposed
Like misdemeanors, felony jail time is reduced by good behavior during incarceration. But unlike misdemeanors, the good behavior time allowed is only about 15% of the total sentence. As a result, most people serve 85% of their felony sentence.
The reduction in time to serve is applicable in almost all cases; it does not apply when a mandatory minimum sentence is required by law for a misdemeanor. The effect of mandatory minimum sentences and good time credit for felonies is not clearly addressed by Virginia law, but seems to allow good time credit even for mandatory minimum sentences (Code §§ 53.1-202.2 & 53.1-202.3). The General Assembly uses two phrases to denote the minimum punishment for a particular offense, and each phrase, while similar, has a very different impact on how much time will actually be served.
For example, if charged with burning or destroying a home (Code § 18.2-77), the General Assembly has outlined the crime punishment as follows: “imprisonment for life or for any period not less than five years.” Though the plain meaning of this phrase suggests the convicted individual must serve five years in jail, that is not accurate. The court must impose a jail sentence of no less than five years, but it may suspend some, all, or none of that time. That means a conviction under this statute may still carry only a minimal amount of jail time as its crime sentence.
On the other hand, if charged with assault on a police officer (Code § 18.2-57(C)), the following crime sentence is required: “the sentence of such person shall include a mandatory minimum term of confinement of six months.” Wherever the words “mandatory minimum” are found, the court must impose all of that time as active time, and it cannot suspend any part of it. Furthermore, there is no good time credit to reduce the active jail time. This means the convicted individual will serve all six months in jail.
Crime Sentences for Felony Offenses: The Collateral Consequences
Finally, felony convictions carry serious collateral consequences. In addition to showing up on a background check for life, a felony conviction also causes the convicted person to lose civil rights. If convicted of a felony, you can no longer vote, sit on a jury, hold public office, act as a notary public, or possess firearms. Furthermore, Virginia prohibits licensure of individuals in certain professions if they have been convicted of certain crimes. Security clearances and jobs can be put in jeopardy. There is no way to remove or expunge a conviction in Virginia, short of a pardon by the Governor.
Speak With Our Criminal Defense Lawyers Today
Regardless of the classification, a conviction of any kind can have a substantial impact on your life. This is why it is important to consult with a trusted Fairfax criminal defense lawyer at Greenspun Shapiro PC who can give you a better idea of what kind of crime sentence you are facing under the particular facts and circumstances of your case. While no attorney can predict exactly what will happen if you are convicted of an offense, an attorney can work with the Commonwealth to minimize your punishment. Furthermore, if you are already a convicted felon, it is possible to restore your rights, and an attorney can help guide you through this process.
You can schedule a consultation with one of our attorneys by calling 703-352-0100 or by emailing us using our contact form.
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